The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is a U.S. law that protects workers against unfair pay practices. The FLSA establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and youth employment standards for employees in the private sector and in federal, state, and local governments. The FLSA also classifies employees as either exempt or nonexempt depending on their job duties and salary level. Exempt employees are not entitled to overtime pay, while nonexempt employees are paid at least one and a half times their regular rate for hours worked beyond 40 in a workweek.